Court Rules That Bypassing Dongle Is Not a DMCA Violation

From a synopsis on Slashdot: Court Rules that Bypassing Dongle is not a DMCA Violation

More steps in the right direction.

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MacPaint Source Code released to Computer History Museum

This is a trend in the right direction. We can only hope that more and more source code will be released for reasons like this.

Links to the source code are on the Computer History Museum site.

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I just have to post this because it is making me drool.

A Visualization of the Metadata Universe

Also, why is the word ‘metadata’ showing up as a misspelling here?? Metadata is core to all things!!

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ERCIM Digital Preservation Special Issue

Check it out online.

Or download the pdf. [15mb]

I especially like this cartoon:

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The PARSE.Insight project survey report published.

The PARSE.Insight project just published a fantastic report on the current state of affairs in the preservation of research data. Nearly 2,000 people responded from the research, publishing, and data management stakeholder groups.

There are a few statistics that are of particular interest to me:

• Researchers regard the lack of sustainable hardware, software or support of computer environment may make the information inaccessible as the most important threat to digital preservation. 80% believe this to be either important or very important.
• Data managers also regard the lack of sustainable hardware, software or support of computer environment may make the information inaccessible as the most important threat to digital preservation. 86% believe this to be either important or very important.
• 59% of the respondents to the data managers’ survey don’t think that the tools and infra-structure available to them will suffice for the digital preservation objectives they have to achieve.
• 71% of the respondents to the data managers’ survey believe that funding for preservation will be an issue now and in five years time.

What I am taking from this, and perhaps bending to my own purposes, is that there is a reported need for inexpensive tools which can ameliorate the problems associated with a perceived lack of hardware, software, and computer environment support.

Of course, there are a number of other very important discoveries reported here, but this is what is the most relevant to me. Good stuff!

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DPC Technology Watch Report: File Formats for Digital Preservation – released

From the Intro:

The selection of appropriate file formats is likely to be a significant factor in the survival of information objects. Digital information depends on hardware and software to make it comprehensible, so changes in hardware and software mean that long-term access requires a degree of coordination between original data and current facilities. There are different ways to create this coordination to make data accessible, but all approaches assume a firm grasp of the conventions used to encode it in the first place.

This report summarizes trends and issues in file format selection as they are articulated in the digital preservation literature at the time of writing (2008-9). This reflects the current status of digital preservation implementation: some of it concerns current practice from functioning repositories while more developmental approaches continue to emanate from the research community. Pronouncements by operational archives are more frequently in the form of their submission guidelines than a full statement of their ongoing preservation formats, though the two are related. As a result, whilst this report concentrates on formats of files being managed by archives (Archival Information Packages in OAIS terminology), it also considers literature about preferred submission formats (i.e. within Submission Information Packages or SIPs). Dissemination formats (Dissemination Information Packages or DIPs) are given less consideration.

The report considers file formats in the context of other elements of a digital preservation infrastructure, especially representation registries, archive governance and digital preservation strategies. There is interdependency between these issues. Some of the current literature appears to minimise this fact by treating format migration or „conversion‟ almost in isolation1. To understand why this might be, it is helpful to review the Open Archival Information System information model and particularly its terminology. OAIS does not generally concern itself with the issues discussed in much of this report, but this does not mean that the deeper implications of the OAIS information model do not need to be taken into account when considering file format issues.

Download the report. [pdf 869 kb]

See other DPC tech watch reports.

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New Web Curator tool released

Aptly called, “Web Curator Tool.” Check it out on SourceForge.

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